DEVELOPMENT THE PHYSICAL QUALITIES OF PERSONS WITH HEALTH DISORDERS AND FORMATION THE HUMAN RESERVE OF THE STATE
Introduction. This article presents some results of the application a special method of physical education designed for children and adolescents with health deviations. Purpose of the study. The purpose of this study was to estimate level of effectiveness of modern teaching programs aimed at developing all basic physical qualities of young persons. Materials and methods. During the work with this contingent of persons the following scientific methods were used: study of medical documentation of persons with health disorders, methods of pedagogical examination and pedagogical experiment, physical examination of research participants, questionnaires, interviews, testing of physical qualities in dynamics and methods of statistical processing. Results and discussion. Considering the fact that in Ukraine, as in many other countries of the world, the number of children and adolescents with certain health deviations is gradually increasing, the problem of formation the state’s strategic human reserve arises nowadays. In order to perform the functions in the process of labor within the industrial or agricultural sector successfully, an able – bodied person must demonstrate certain physical qualities (endurance, strength, dexterity, coordination of movements, etc.). In addition, these qualities are extremely important for people serving in the ranks of state power structures. The data of statistical studies indicate that in most cases the level of development all basic physical qualities in those individuals who had deviations in their health in childhood and adolescence is significantly lower than the level of development those qualities in practically healthy individuals. But in the vast majority of cases, by means of using a special technique of rehabilitation and preventive training, it is possible to achieve the correction (partial or complete) of those health disorders that occurred in these people in childhood and adolescence. And in other cases, it is possible to achieve such level of development all basic physical qualities of these people that are necessary for work or serve successfully, despite the existence of diseases or pathological conditions. Conclusions. Based on the data obtained in the course of this study, the following conclusions can be drawn: 1. Today (both in our country and in many other countries) there is a tendency to gradually increase the number of young people with disabilities. 2. In the vast majority of cases, the scale of manifestations of health disorders in young people can be significantly reduced by the systematic use of special rehabilitation and prevention programs. 3. The contingent of the population, including persons with functional disabilities, is an important reserve, which after the application of appropriate special measures can be used to replenish the strategic human resources of the state.
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