REVISITING THE PECULIARITIES OF PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH IN WOMEN WITH UTERINE SCARRING SYNDROME

  • D. M. Zhelezov Odessa National Medical University
  • G. S. Manasova Odessa National Medical University
  • N. V. Kuzmin Odessa National Medical University
Keywords: operated uterine syndrome; pregnancy; caesarean section; perinatal consequences.

Abstract

In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of operations on the uterus in women of reproductive age with the formation of "uterine scarring syndrome" (USS), which can lead to complicated pregnancy and childbirth. To assess of anatomical and functional features of uterine scar, pregnancy and perinatal outcomes in USS women. A prospective analysis of clinical anamnestic data, pregnancy and childbirth in 398 USS women was conducted; ultrasound and Doppler assessment of morpho-functional status of the uterus using the Accuvix V20 Prestige (Samsung Medison, Republic of Korea) was made. Statistical analysis was performed using Statistica 13.0 (Dell Inc., USA) software. In 74.62 % of 398 women, the scar on the uterus is due to a previous caesarean section (CS), in 24.11 % due to conservative myomectomy (CME), in 1.25 % –because of endoscopic interventions for incomplete uterine septum, in 25.87 % of women it was the result of "small" gynecological surgery. In 97 % of women with a scar on the uterus after the previous CS, there was no "passport of surgery": ultrasound revealed the localization of the scar in the lower uterine segment in 96.48 % of 398, corporate scar – in the remaining 3.51 % of women; ultrasound signs of relative "anatomic" scar failure were noted in 10.80 % of pregnant women. In 48.73 % of women pregnancy was complicated by the threat of abortion or premature birth, in 30.40 % anemia was diagnosed, in 24.87 % of the women under observation placental dysfunction took place. 78.1 % of women had delivery at term, 13.2 % had premature birth, 97.3 % had births CS, and 2.7 % of women had labours through canalis obstetricus. In 1.3 % of women labor was complicated by uterine hypotension, and uterine devascularization procedures was performed. The most common reasons for the formation of USS are cesarean section, conservative myomectomy and various "small" intrauterine operations. Pregnancy with this syndrome is most often complicated by the threat of its termination and childbirth before term, anemia, placental dysfunction and Intrauterine growth retardation . The choice of delivery tactics is conditioned by the totality of hystory, the status of the scar on the uterus, obstetric status and the wishes of the woman herself. It is advisable to look for methods to assess the morpho-functional status of the operated uterus and predict the perinatal consequences of pregnancy in these women at the stage of preconception preparation.

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Abstract views: 40
PDF Downloads: 57
Published
2020-03-30
How to Cite
Zhelezov, D. M., Manasova, G. S., & Kuzmin, N. V. (2020). REVISITING THE PECULIARITIES OF PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH IN WOMEN WITH UTERINE SCARRING SYNDROME. Likars’ka Sprava, (1-2), 50-56. https://doi.org/10.31640/JVD.1-2.2020(7)
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