Andreas Vesalius (1515–1564): at the crossroads of origination and formation of new principles of world perception

  • M. V. Mandryk-Melnychuk Higher State Educational Institution “Bukovinian State Medical University”;
  • V. A. Kotsur Higher State Educational Institution “Hryhorii Skovoroda Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi State Pedagogical University”
  • A. S. Biduchak Higher State Educational Institution “Bukovinian State Medical University”;
  • Zh. A. Chornenka Higher State Educational Institution “Bukovinian State Medical University”;
Keywords: history of anatomy, anatomical dissection, scholasticism, academic freedom, surgery, inquisition, treatment technique, Middle Ages

Abstract

The main stages of the personal and career ascent of one of the brightest representatives of the Middle Ages, the founder of the scientific direction in anatomy – Andreas Vesalius, are analyzed. His personality is viewed in the context of the formation of humanism ideas, discoveries that have changed the course of history, prominent representatives of the Renaissance, who influenced the formation of this outstanding personality. Return to the antiquity ideals, i.e. to the Renaissance humanistic principles, has been shown to open the opportunity for the establishment of a number of scientific centers and the concentration of real intellectuals of that time in them. The universalism of their thinking enabled the emergence of a new mentality and styles in art, painting, science. Andreas Vesalius, who grew up under the influence of these figures at the crossroads of the most progressive ideas of the epoch, belonged to such figures, and he himself became a great scientist.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

1. Andrej Vezalij. O stroenii chelovecheskogo tela. – V 3-h t. – M.: Akad. nauk SSSR, 1950. – T. 1. – S. 7–21.
2. Balalykin D. A. Zarozhdenie mediciny kak nauki v period do XVII veka. – M.: Vest', 2013. ‒ 298 s.
3. Balalykin D. A. Osnovnye napravleniya kritiki naturfilosofskoj sistemy Galena v sovremennoj istoriografii // Gumanitarnye, social'no-ehkonomicheskie i obshchestvennye nauki. ‒ 2014. ‒ T. l, № 10. – S. 113–122.
4. Balalykin D., Berger E., Borodulin V. Medicina HVІ veka: mify istoriografii i zarozhdenie nauki // Glavnyj vrach: hozyajstvo i pravo. ‒ 2013. – T. 4. – S. 46–51.
5. Vezalij A. O stroenii chelovecheskogo tela. – T. 1. – M.: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1950. – 1058 s.
6. Gartman F. ZHizn' Paracel'sa i sushchnost' ego ucheniya. – M.: Novyj akropol', 2009. ‒ 272 s.
7. Glyazer G. Issledovateli chelovecheskogo tela ot Gippokrata do Pavlova. – M.: Medgiz, 1956. ‒ 244 s.
8. Goncharov N. I. Real'do Kolombo i ego otkrytie v knige «De re Anatomica» // Vestnik VolGMU. ‒ 2005. – № 1(13). ‒ S. 70–73.
9. Ehngel'gardt M. A. Nikolaj Kopernik. Ego zhizn' i nauchnaya deyatel'nost'. ‒ M.: Direkt-Media, 2016. ‒ 135 s.
10. Izutkin D. Istoriya stanovleniya osnov nauchnoj anatomii // Medicinskij al'manah. ‒ 2007. ‒ T. 47, № 2. – S. 40–41.
11. Ioannu Oporinu, professoru grecheskoj literatury v Bazele, moemu drazhajshemu drugu / Andrej Vezalij. O stroenii chelovecheskogo tela. – T. 1. – M.: Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, 1950. – S. 23–27.
12. Lanska D. Ehvolyuciya vzglyadov Vezaliya na anatomiyu Galena // Istoriya mediciny: nauchno-prakticheskij zhurnal. – 2005. – T. 2, № 1. – S. 17–35.
13. Oribazij iz Bergama [Oribasius from Pergamum] // Ehnciklopedicheskij slovar' F. A. Brokgauza i I. A. Efrona. – Sankt-Piterburg, Brokgauz-Efron 1890‒1907 in http://www.vehi.net/brokgauz/ (Accessed in 12.11.2017).
14. Paevskij A. Istoriya nauki: «iz lesa» ot mistiki k medicine https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%94%D1%8E%D0%B1%D1%83%D0%B0,_%D0%96%D0%B0%D0%BA (Accessed in 12.11.2017).
15. Rolan R. ZHizn' Mikel'andzhelo. – M.: EHKSMO. ‒ 608 s.
16. Biesbrouck M. Andreas Vesalius' Fatal Voyage to Jerusalem // Medical Terminology Daily. ‒ 2016, Monday, 13, June.
17. Biesbrouck M., Goddeeris Th., Steeno O. Reiner Solenander (1524–1601): an important 16th century medical practitioner and his original report of Vesalius' death in 1564 // Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica, 2015. ‒ N. 13 (2). ‒ С. 265–286.
18. Boë, Franz de la (Sylvius), Meyers Großes, Konversations-Lexikon. ‒ Leipzig. – 1905. ‒ Band 3. ‒ P. 134.
19. Cunningham A. The anatomical Renaissance: the resurrection of the anatomical projects of the ancient. ‒ Aldershot, 1997. ‒ 304 p.
20. Cunningham A. The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Religion, War, Famine and Death in Reformation Europe, Cambridge University Press, 2000. ‒ 376 p.
21. Harold G. Cook. Medicine at the Courts of Europe, 1500–1837, Edited by V. Nutton. ‒ London, 1990. ‒ Р. 3.
22. Hazard J. Jan Stephan Van Calcar, a valuable and unrecognized collaborator of Vesalius // Histoire des sciences medicales. ‒ 1996. – N 30(4). ‒ Р. 471–480.
23. Nutton V. The fortunes of Galen. The Cambridge Companion to Galen, Edited by R.J. Hankinson, University of Texas. ‒ Austin : Cambridge, 2008. ‒ 390 p.
24. Nutton V. Medicine at the Courts of Europe, 1500–1837, Edited by V. Nutton. ‒ London, 1990. ‒ 380 p.
25. O’Malley Ch. D. Andreas Vesalius of Brussels, 1514–1564. ‒ Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1964. ‒ 450 p.
26. Professors, Physicians and Practices in the History of Medicine : Essay in Honor of Nancy Siraisi, Editors: Manning, Gideon, Klestinec, Cynthia, Springer International Publishing, 2017, 307 p.
27. Shane R. Tubbs, George E. Salter. Vidius Vidius (Guido Guidi): 1509–1569 // Neurosurgery. ‒ 2006. ‒ Vol. 59, N. 1. ‒ P. 201–203.

Abstract views: 90
PDF Downloads: 61
Published
2018-06-27
How to Cite
Mandryk-Melnychuk, M. V., Kotsur, V. A., Biduchak, A. S., & Chornenka, Z. A. (2018). Andreas Vesalius (1515–1564): at the crossroads of origination and formation of new principles of world perception. Likarsʹka Sprava, (3-4), 180-191. https://doi.org/10.31640/3-4.2018(30)
Section
History of medicine